Spin-Valley Silin Modes in Graphene with Substrate-Induced Spin-Orbit Coupling (2022)

ZM Raines, DL Maslov, LI Glazman

in Phys. Rev. B

In the presence of external magnetic field the Fermi-liquid state supports oscillatory spin modes known as Silin modes. We predict the existence of the generalized Silin modes in a multivalley system, monolayer graphene. A gauge- and Berry-gauge- invariant kinetic equation for a multivalley Fermi liquid is developed and applied to the case of graphene with extrinsic spin-orbit coupling (SOC). The interplay of SOC and Berry curvature allows for the excitation of generalized Silin modes in the spin and valley-staggered-spin channels via an AC electric field. The resonant contributions from these modes to the optical conductivity are calculated.