Cavity Higgs Polaritons (2020)

ZM Raines, AA Allocca, M Hafezi, VM Galitski

in Phys. Rev. Research

Motivated by the dramatic success of realizing cavity exciton-polariton condensation in experiment we consider the formation of polaritons from cavity photons and the amplitude or Higgs mode of a superconductor. Enabled by the recently predicted and observed supercurrent-induced linear coupling between these excitations and light, we find that hybridization between Higgs excitations in a disordered quasi-2D superconductor and resonant cavity photons can occur, forming Higgs-polariton states. This provides the potential for a new means to manipulate the superconducting state as well as the potential for novel photonic cavity circuit elements.